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Designing a Mobile Augmented Reality platform
for exploring￼ locative storytelling and new AR genres.
Project leader: Prof.
Dept. of Media & Communication, University of Oslo, Norway
In a situated simulation (sitsim) two elements are linked: the user's visual perception of the real physical environment, and the user's visual perception of a 3D graphics environment as displayed on a hand-held screen. The relative congruity between the real and the virtual perspectives is obtained by letting the camera position and movement in the 3D environment be conditioned by the positioning and orientation hardware. As the user moves in real space the perspective inside the 3D graphic environment changes accordingly. A situated simulation requires a smartphone/tablet with good graphics capabilities, GPS-positioning, accelerometer, electronic compass and gyroscope.
A sitsim is closely related to mixed and augmented reality. While mixed reality is characterized by different combinations of virtual and real representations along the reality-virtuality continuum, a situated simulation is a full screen solution where there is a distinct (although minor) difference between the artificial (audio–visual) perspective via the device and the real perspective of the user. This approach is also identified as 'Indirect Augmented Reality'.
Research in SitsimLab follows three parallel and interacting strands: 1) practical development and experimentation with narrative and rhetorical invention in location–based media; 2) exploration of a humanities informed method for digital media design founded on rhetoric as an architectonic productive art; and 3) theoretical understanding of the relationship between the two (former levels). Theory is also central in the method to the extent that analytical concepts form topoi and – in inverted form – serve as rules for construction of new textual features.
Collaboraton and funding
The development and research in SitsimLab is conducted has been conducted in close collaboration with Šarūnas Ledas at Tomas Stenarson at , Elpida Hadjidaki (), Larry Friedlander (Stanford University), Terje Rasmussen (University of Oslo), Andrew Morrison (AHO), Ole Smørdal (UiO) and Reidar Bertelsen ( The research has been funded by the , and EU–projects; VERDIKT-programme (The INVENTIO-project) and the KLIMAFORSK-programme (The ClimSim-preproject), Norwegian Research Council; at University of Oslo; and , University of Oslo; ; (ABM-utvikling); Oslo Science Park (Forskningsparken) and the EEA-Grant project 'Coastal Memory Fort'.
The Sitsim AR Editor is available for free !
The Sitsim AR Editor is made to simplify the process of creating sitsim applications. The editor guides the user through a step-by-step process of configuring a sitsim application and adding content. After creating a basic sitsim application, the user is free to add more content or build the application as it is to a device. The Sitsim AR Editor has been created as part of the (EU/Interreg).
Awards & Nominations!
The Old Narva App was finalist for The Best in Heritage Imagines Award 2020, and won a GLAMi Award at Museums & the Web 2019 in Boston! The Phalasarna App was Unity Award Finalist in 2015 and the Roman Forum App in 2013 (both in the Visualization/Simulation category).
Several short video demonstrations of Sitsim AR apps in use are available online:
(Sitsim DEMO VI, February 2019)
! (March 2018, rough edit)
of the Via Appia sitsim prototype (April 2014, unedited)
of the Jerusalem HolyMount sitsim in use (March 2013)
of the Roman Forum sitsim in use (October 2012, unedited)
The project has so far been presented at the following conferences: IMCL 2009, EISTA 2009, ISMAR 2009,ICCE 2009, EDEN 2010, MLearn 2010, CELDA 2010, ScandAR 2010, WARM 2011, ScandAR 2011, Locale & Mobile 2012, CAA 2012, DREAM 2012, MobileHCI2012, EuroMed2012, WARM 2013, Museums and the Web 2013, Nordmedia 2013, Digital Heritage 2013, ISMAR 2013, NODEM 2013, EUROMED 2014, EUscreenXL 2014, VSMM 2014, Condition 2015, EduLearn 2015, WARM 2016, CAA 2016, The Big Picture 2016, EUROMED 2016, World Learning Summit 2017, TOCREA 2017, DCH 2017, HF Under the Mediterranean 2017, ISMI 2017, VSMM 2017, Reality Check 2017, Let's Play with Heritage 2018, Museums and the Web 2018, Digital Heritage Congress 2018, Museums and the Web 2019, Museums and the Web 2020, EuroMed 2022.
Sitsim Apps (free)
'Omaha Beach' (v. 1.1) is available at Apple's .
'Phalasarna' (v. 1.2) is available at Apple's .